2.3.1 The Advantages of ABL Method
It helps learner to focus more and increase’s attention and create an optimistic environment to respond to the educational settings for this different activities. The language activities can be identified and learners exposed to LSRW skills thereby developing their confidence levels, independent learning, enhance creativity, flexibility, assertiveness, leadership, team work and demonstrate a practical integration of knowledge, skills and aptitude. The learners are guided towards the development trends and their needs this method helps to develop their talents and the direction of education is correct. Self-study method and self learning gives real opportunities where the benefits of the teaching learning situations in their future lead to the strengthening of the independence
2.3.2 Designing Classroom Activities
To make learning interactive and interesting, short activities should be included in the learning of language. This gives more scope for listening to English conversations, developing one’s own vocabulary and skill of speaking. Teachers should have an opportunity to apply the checklist as a way of deciding whether some activities are suitable for their teaching purposes.
2.4 SOME ACTIVITIES THAT ARE USED
Brainstorming activities give students the confidence to believe in themselves and their ability to speak English independently. It can be done individually on paper or in a group, orally or on the black board. It is a fast method of gathering ideas for later connection and reflection. During a brainstorming session, learners share all the ideas that come to mind regarding the concept or topic under discussion. We can use Venn diagram, Spider Diagram, etc., to capture the ideas and facts presented by the learners. Fluency and quantity are important components of brainstorming. During a brainstorming session all ideas should be taken without criticism. Learner’s s should try to build on their own and others’ ideas to i.e. listen also to what their peers say.
2.4.2Word/ Sentence Building
In this activity the teacher divides the class into two groups and makes use of synonyms; the word is contributed by one group and the other has to give the synonyms and vice versa to get points. The teacher conducts the activity and keeps the score. The same game can be played using antonyms, prefixes, suffixes etc., Activity based teaching paves the way for effective learning. Teaching should be student-centered and students must be motivated to participate in class activities. A word like ‘save’ ends with the letter ‘e’ and the next person in the group should say a word starting with ‘e.’ A word may be picked out which lists the related words. For example when the ‘hospital’ is written on the board and learners are asked to enlist the pertinent words, the related ideas that might come up are: doctors, patient, consultation, prescription, and diagnosis etc., A complete sentence can be given to learners and instruct them to add sentences related to the particular sentence to form a story. For example, -The passengers were sleeping in the bus when it hit.
The Jigsaw is an active learning exercise
The Jigsaw is an active learning exercise. It is a useful strategy for studying narrative material. It helps learners and teachers effectively to cover areas of study material in a comparatively less time. In a large classroom it is a useful tool.
In this method ,(1) a general topic and learners are divided into smaller groups , (2) each member of the group is assigned to read and become an expert on a different piece of the puzzle (e.g., one person is given a Team Building Issues puzzle piece/article, another the Team Composition & Roles piece/article, and so on); (3) then, after each person has become an expert on their piece of the puzzle, they teach the other group members about that puzzle piece; and, finally, (4) after each person has finished teaching, the puzzle has been reassembled and everyone in the group knows something important about every piece of the puzzle. At the end t he teacher may also ask groups to give a presentation to the whole class about what they have learnt together
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2.4.4 Just a Minute
In this activity the teacher guides the learners to frame sentences with— errors and this will give them confidence and enthusiasm. The teacher gives few words and asks the learners s to talk something on that word. The learner’s may make errors but by practice the mistakes could be rectified. The teacher should always remember to appreciate their courage and willingness to participate in the class activities. At the end of the activity, the teacher should recap what each learner has contributed and appreciate his ideas, presence of mind and creativity. The teacher can guide learners to select the appropriate words without making them conscious of pointing to anyone in particular. This activity will not only make the learners concentrate on minor details while speaking but help them to become effective extempore speakers. It also involves the listeners’ with utmost concentration and attentiveness.
2.4.5 Twenty Questions Game
This activity helps the learners develop the thinking and questioning skills. In this activity the teacher divides the class into two groups and decides the genre of their discussion. From the first group anyone group member can represent the group and they want to think a thing in their mind and they should not reveal their thinking to another group. By asking questions another group should find out the answers. The questions should be limited within twenty, Thus the students can develop the thinking and questioning skills. Through this activity, learners come out of their passive mode of listening, copying or taking notes they discover things for themselves and are likely to become more motivated to learn and respond better. Working on problems or tasks leads to greater independence among learners in their work and can act as appropriate pre-activity to instruct or input, preparing students to engage with – but at the same time the material adopted should be appropriate for the learner’s level.
Teachers can make it possible that the students can learn the content whatever they are being taught with continued practice. In this process, students can learn about only the content of the lesson and they are developed many other skills in them by their teachers. The sincerity of the teachers is very much important. They should work more closely and at the same time the students have to work according to the instructions of the students. Then the learning environment will become very much fast and up to date.
It can be said that every rather many subjects can be taught to the students by using the Activity-based learning. One more important thing is social relations that provide an opportunity and they are being mixed with other people around.